Kwasu Journal of Humanities <p><em>Kwasu Journal of Humanities</em> is a multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal of the College of Humanities, Management and Social Sciences at Kwara State University. Published twice a year, the journal cuts across various disciplines of the Humanities, such as English, Arabic, Literature, History, Law, Performing Arts, Religions, and Yoruba.</p> Kwara State University Press en-US Kwasu Journal of Humanities 2636-4999 Editorial Moshood Mahmood Jimba ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-30 2018-11-30 1 1 i ii A Lexico-Grammatical Analysis of a Funeral Oration: Michael Imoudu – The Struggle was Your Life <p>Funeral rites are among the oldest known rituals to man. One of such rites is the presentation of funeral oration. More than any other activity associated with burials, funeral orations highlight the personal characteristics of the deceased and serve as a means of reinforcing social bonds and status. The funeral oration selected for this study was presented by the president of the Nigerian Labour Congress, Comrade Adams Aliyu Oshiomole at the burial of the Union’s first president, Michael Aithokhamen Omiunu Imoudu. The speaker’s main objective is to recount the prominent roles the deceased played as the founding leader of the labour movement by means of which he championed the cause of the oppressed and positively impacted on the national life. This work attempts a lexico-grammatical analysis of the selected funeral oration. It explores how the grammar constructs reflect the general atmosphere pervading the context. It also analyses the clauses in the oration, using the semantic theory of Leech and the systemic functional theory of Halliday and Matthiessen. From the analysis, the trend of the speech reflects a predominant use of declarative and few imperative clauses. The role language plays in the oration is “constitutive” and the type of interaction is “monologic”. The medium of interaction is “spoken” with “phonic” channel and the speech is “persuasive”.</p> Bamigbola Esther Olayinka ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-08-07 2018-08-07 1 1 1–14 1–14 Sights and Sounds of Northern Nigeria in AbdulRasheed Na’Allah’s Poetry <p>The pact between the artist and his community is underscored by the relevance of art to society. The artist plays a vital role in the community’s growth and development in some ways: he represents his community through the artistic mode; he helps in preserving cultural values by rescuing such from extinction or degeneration and these values are transferred from generation to generation. In essence, Literature depicts man and his environment and it is the conscience of society. AbdulRasheed Na’Allah’s <em>Ilorin Praise Poetry</em> and <em>Ahmad Fulani</em> truly reflect this noble role of the artist in exerting an influence on the cultural practices of a people. The diversity of culture which defines the heterogeneous composition of the Northern Nigeria is artistically captured in these collections. Apart from the sociological imperative of the poet’s songs, there is also a touch of humanism as a philosophical guide. It is submitted that from style and language, these collections interrogate dynamics of cultures, attitudes and entertainment of many tribes and ethnic groups inhabiting the northern hemisphere of Nigeria, the most populous black nation in Africa.</p> Reuben Kehinde Akano ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-08-07 2018-08-07 1 1 15–30 15–30 Historical Development of Mosques in Ilorin Emirate, 1823–1992 <p>The word, mosque or <em>Masjid</em>, occupies a significant place in the spiritual minds of the generality of Muslims. It has been stated that prayers are uniquely and strongly recommended to be offered in a Mosque as part of <em>Ibadah</em> for the Muslims. Mosques are places where Muslims congregate to know each other better and to form a solid community through religious interaction. In addition, praying at mosques in congregation promotes and teaches unity among the people as well as serves as meeting places where various problems are identified with a view to finding solutions to them. It is against this background that this paper chronicles the historical evolution of mosques in Ilorin, investigates their structural developments and examines their functions and challenges within the context of socio-economic, political and religious perspectives. The paper finds, among others, that appointment of imam has become hereditary rather than eligibility on the basis of merit. In view of this, the paper suggests consideration of merit in the appointment of Imam of mosques. This will ensure Islamic activities in the Ilorin Emirate are commensurate with modern Islamic trends.</p> Yahaya Eliasu ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-08-07 2018-08-07 1 1 31–42 31–42 Traditional Histories and Historical Reconstruction of the Origin and Early History of Ilorin: A Reexamination <p>Since the 1950s when African and Africanist historians began to use oral evidence as a veritable source for historical reconstruction of Africa’s pre-colonial past, traditional histories have continued to occupy a central stage in modern African historiography. In spite of its limitations, no serious historical inquiry into the past of Africa’s non-literate societies would ignore traditional material. The use of traditional accounts of the origin and early history of Ilorin has continued to pose serious challenges to historians and non-historians. Some reasons may be responsible for this including Ilorin’s multiethnic and multicultural configuration; inexhaustive analysis and interpretation of various versions of Ilorin’s traditional history in existing attempts at reconstructing its origin and early history, and the fact that much of Ilorin’s history up to the 1820s has not been reconsidered in the light of historical and archaeological evidence from various parts of the Old Oyo Empire and the entire region within which context the origin and early history of Ilorin is located. This paper adopts a multidisciplinary approach to reexamine the traditional accounts on the “origin” and “early” history of Ilorin and posits that various elements in the traditions suggest different phases in the historical evolution of Ilorin and of the developments before the late 18th century.</p> Ismail Otukoko Salihu ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-08-07 2018-08-07 1 1 43–70 43–70 The Affirmative Action and Women Participation in Politics in Nigeria: An Assessment Study on the Legal Constraint <p>The participation of women in politics and decision making is one of the major issues that have dominated the world; this is because women constitute about fifty percentage of the world population. The importance of women participation in politics cannot be over-emphasised, considering the fact that women are mothers, social, cultural and political activists. In Nigeria, the affirmative action contained in the National Gender Policy is a strategic tool for enhancing women participation in politics. The policy has brought about tremendous increase in women participation in politics in Nigeria, as more women are willing to participate in both appointive and elective politics. However, the affirmative action is a mere action plan of the executive and falls under Chapter II (Fundamental Objectives and Directive Principles of State Policy) of the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (as amended) which makes it non-justiciable. So, where the government fails to abide by the affirmative action, the government cannot be compelled and such cannot be challenged in the law court (as currently being experienced in Nigeria). This paper seeks to discuss the relevance of the affirmative action to the participation of women in politics in Nigeria. The legal constraint to the enforcement of the policy is particularly identified and discussed, while imperative legal measures towards giving legal prominence to the policy are recommended.</p> Halimat Tope Akaje Adelowo Stephen Asonibare ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-08-07 2018-08-07 1 1 71–86 71–86 Prison Reformation, Observation and Rehabilitation of Convicts in Oke-Kura Prison, Ilorin <p>This paper focuses on the role of the prison in the rehabilitation and reformation of offenders. In recent times, emphasis has been placed on the need to advance the rights of prisoners in Nigeria through influencing policy actions and frameworks to reverse the state of inefficiency in which the Nigerian prisons have found themselves. Triangulation was used to generate data for this study, which includes; unbiased observation, documentary evidence and a structured questionnaire. The study revealed a tripod imbalance in the prisons system which is the mitigating factor to achieving the objective of rehabilitation and reformation; the personnel, policies and prison facilities are at the core of this deficiency. Recommendations for both short term and long term prison overhaul were proffered. It was concluded that, required policies and actions be implemented for the prison system to efficiently carry on its task of reformation and rehabilitation and adequate line of action be followed to control criminality at its socio-economic base.</p> AbdulGaniyu Abolore Issa Oluwaseun Stephen Akinfenwa ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-08-07 2018-08-07 1 1 87–97 87–97 Education and Religion: The Role of Christianity in Ilorin, Nigeria <p>Christianity is one of the world’s major religions introduced to Nigeria in the 15th and 19th centuries respectively. The city of Ilorin, the capital of Kwara State, is one of the towns that benefitted from this endeavour much later after its inception in Nigeria. Though, Islam had been well established in the town before the advent of Christianity, since its introduction into the community, Christianity has made tremendous impact on every area of her developments. However, our focus in this paper centres on the immense contributions Christianity has made in the aspects of educational advancement. Other areas of development like religion and politics have been dealt with in other publications of the author. The present study examines the location of Ilorin, introduction of Christianity to the town, and the developments it has brought. Findings revealed that the introduction of Christianity has complemented the socio and economic outlook of the town. It is recommended among others that Christians should develop spirit of tolerance, respect and appreciation for the doctrines and belief system of other religions. This cooperative attitude will assist individual adherents to jointly develop the town socially, economically and educationally.</p> Lydia Bosede Akande ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-08-07 2018-08-07 1 1 99–111 99–111 Translating the Qur’an from Arabic into English: A Semantic Examination of Some Lexical Equivalents <p>The Holy Qur’an was originally revealed and compiled in the Arabic language. It employs many linguistic, stylistic and rhetorical features to convey its intended meanings. The use of those features poses serious challenges to the translators of the Holy Qur’an, who are to naturally be agents of conveying the understanding of its messages. Here, this paper makes a semantic examination of English translations of some lexical items in the Holy Qur’an using, intermittently, Marmaduke Pickthall’s (1930) and Yusuf Ali’s (1975) translation versions of the Qur’an as references. This study traces the selected lexemes to their etymological origins in order to reveal their original meanings and juxtapose them with the sample translations, so as to understand the possible loss during translations. The paper finds out that there are semantic losses in the selected lexemes during translation and thus suggests, among others, that translators must be mindful of the etymology of the Arabic lexical items and cultural context of the target audience before their equivalents are chosen.</p> Nosiru Olajide Onibon Sekinat Olanike Arimiyau ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-08-07 2018-08-07 1 1 113–126 113–126 Integration of Photographs and Life Objects as Reference Materials for Successful Painting <p>Photography is a crucial medium for documenting works or providing assistance to painters. This study sets to evaluate the qualities of paintings made from photographs and life objects. Descriptive and Counter-balanced Quasi-experimental designs were used for the study, hence, its approach is quantitative. This study was carried out in selected Colleges of Education in Yaba, Ojo and Epe Local Government Areas of Lagos State, Nigeria, using purposive sampling technique. The sample consists of 120 students drawn from a population survey of 261 painting students in three Colleges of Education within Lagos State. Primary and secondary data were collected during the study. Three instruments were used for data collection. The instruments are: Observation Schedule, Questionnaires and Practical Achievement Tests. Data analysis was done using the Mean Scores, Percentages and Standard Deviation. From the study, the following findings were made: that paintings made from photographs are more realistic and better than those made from life objects in terms of colour, realism, detailing, light and shade and also in composition. Based on the findings, a number of recommendations were made. </p> Sunday James Oluremi Mabel Awogbade ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-08-07 2018-08-07 1 1 127–146 127–146 Linguistic Terrorism and Its Effects on Human Society: An Analytical Study <p>This paper presents an analytical study of a selected political/religious text from an Arab Newspaper (Arab Times of May 2007). It aims at addressing the role of language communication on human relationships especially to consolidate and enhance peaceful coexistence. The study employs interdisciplinary theories consist of systems analysis theory, pragmatic theory and communication theory and then applies them on some aggressive linguistic elements found in the selected text; some words that may affect peaceful coexistence and effective relationships among the individuals in human communities regardless of their believes, races and social classes are pinpointed and addressed .It has become apparent that the continued exploitation of Religion in nowadays by many politician Politics has become a tool of gaining their political desires. Peace is very important in order to avoid unnecessary conflicts that might hinder progress or even result in the loss of life. Efforts have been made by many organisations devoted to fostering peace within the domestic and global spheres. For example, organizations such as the Peace Corps emphasise the importance of understanding others in order to enrich life within the global community. However, the roles of language in consolidating peaceful coexistence in human societies can never be underestimated or underrated. Indeed, throughout history, many have reflected on the importance of language for it shapes thoughts and emotions, determining one’s perception of reality; it is also the light of the mind.</p> Tajudeen Yusuf ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-08-07 2018-08-07 1 1 147–160 147–160 The Lexical Units and Contextual Meaning in Contemporary Nigerian Arabic <p>Many Nigerian speakers of Arabic are faced with problems related to lexical semantics as a result of over-dependence on the denotative meaning of words. This is because these speakers are unaware of the fact that dictionaries cannot contain all the different options of the contextual meanings of words. This paper attempts to explicate the various contextual problems confronting some Nigerian speakers of Arabic, with a view to proffering solutions to them. It employs and discusses texts from selected Arabic stories, novels and dramas of Nigerian authorship.</p> Abdur-Razaq Aliyy Abolaji ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-08-11 2018-08-11 1 1 161–172 161–172